What determins the size in volume of a main sequence star?

The mass of the star is the most important factor to determine the size, the lifespan, and the luminosity of a main sequence star.

Main sequence stars fuse hydrogen atoms to form helium atoms in their cores. About 90 percent of the stars in the universe, including the sun, are main sequence stars. These stars can range from about a tenth of the mass of the sun to up to 200 times as massive.

Stars start their lives as clouds of dust and gas. Gravity draws these clouds together. A small protostar forms, powered by the collapsing material. Protostars often form in densely packed clouds of gas and can be challenging to detect.

How long a main sequence star lives depends on how massive it is. A higher-mass star may have more material, but it burns through it faster due to higher core temperatures caused by greater gravitational forces. While the sun will spend about 10 billion years on the main sequence, a star 10 times as massive will stick around for only 20 million years.

To learn more about Main Sequence Stars' Definition & Life Cycle see SPACE.com.

Tags: gravitystar 
Wednesday, October 18 2017
Source: http://planetfacts.org/main-sequence-stars/