According to Beautyofbirds.com, “Ruby-throated Hummingbirds” (Archilochus colubris) - Native and Common - the only hummingbird known to nest and breed in Arkansas, “Ruby-throats” arrive in early April, sometimes in mid- or late March and leave in September or October.
Hummingbirds belong to the avian family Trochilidae and their closest families are the equally fascinating swifts. Hummingbirds are small 2 to 20 grams, with long narrow bills, and small saber-like wings.
Males and sometimes females often have a colorful gorget a small, stiff, highly reflective, colored feathers on the throat and upper chest. These shiny feathers and others around the head might look sooty black till a hummer turns its head to catch the sun and display the intense metallic spectral color.
The nearly 340 species of hummingbirds are entirely limited to the New World, where they can be found from Tierra Del Fuego to southern Alaska and from below sea level deserts to steamy tropical forests up to 16,000 feet in the Andes of South America.
Most species live in the tropics, and while 17 species regularly nest in the US, many of these are found close to the Mexican border. Most parts in the US have one or two breeding species, and only the ruby-throated hummingbird nests east of the Mississippi.
Hummingbirds feed 5-8 times per hour, and birders who are interested in feeding hummingbirds can take advantage of those voracious appetites with a deliciously attractive habitat to entice hummingbirds to visit. These eight tips for feeding hummingbirds from Birding.about.com are sure to help you attract hummingbirds by appealing to their hungry attitudes.