What is the difference between the kinetoscope and the kinetograph?

Kinetograph is the first motion picture camera invented by Thomas Edison and W.K.L. Dickson in 1888. The two inventors combined a device adapted from a clock, which allowed the regular motion of the film strip through the camera and a perforated celluloid film strip for precise synchronization. It was able to imprint up to 50ft of film at about 40 frames per second.

Kinetoscope is another invention by Thomas Edison and his lab assistants. It was an individual viewing device that ran a continuous 47-foot film on spools between an incandescent lamp and a shutter. It was how the first movie “Monkeyshines No. 1” was viewed.

See the difference? One captures motion while the other allows people to view it. A patent for the Kinetograph (the camera) and the Kinetoscope (the viewer) was filed on August 24, 1891. In this patent, the width of the film was specified as 35mm and allowance was made for the possible use of a cylinder.

Learn and discover more about the invention and history of kinetograph and kinetoscope from links below:




Tag: filmmaking