What is the chemical basis of the great diversity of proteins?

Amino acids are the chemical basis of the great diversity of proteins.

Amino acids are organic compounds that merge to form proteins. Proteins and amino acids are the building blocks of life. When proteins are broken down or digested, amino acids are left. The human body uses amino acids to make proteins to aid the body:

  • Break down food
  • Grow
  • Repair body tissue
  • Perform many other body functions

Amino acids can as well be used as a source of energy by the body.

Amino acids are classified into three groups:

  • Essential amino acids
  • Nonessential amino acids
  • Conditional amino acids

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