What does the abbreviation SP. GR. stand for on a urinalysis test result?

Not Medical Advice: SP. GR. stands for specific gravity.

Urine specific gravity, as explained by MedlinePlus, is a laboratory test that shows the concentration of all chemical particles in the urine. This test helps evaluate your body's water balance and urine concentration.

Reference Values: 1.002-1.030

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples.

Osmolality is a more specific test for urine concentration. The urine specific gravity test is easier and more convenient, and is usually part of a routine urinalysis.

Increased urine specific gravity may be due to conditions such as:

Loss of body fluids (dehydration)

Diarrhea that causes dehydration

Heart failure

Sugar (glucose) in the urine

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH)

Decreased urine specific gravity may be due to:

Damage to kidney tubule cells (renal tubular necrosis)

Diabetes insipidus

Drinking too much fluid

Kidney failure

Check out 6 Tips for Keeping Your Urinary Tract System Healthy, shared by Verywell.

Wednesday, August 03 2016

Source: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003587.htm

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